Acute Gastritis

Acute gastritis is characterized by an abrupt enlargement or inflammation of the stomach lining. It can cause persistent and severe discomfort in a person. It is caused by viruses, bacteria, injury, tension, and even the ingestion of irritants such as spicy foods, steroids, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and alcohol (Ravisankar et al., 2016). In addition, acute gastritis symptoms may include vomiting, nausea, fullness after eating, particularly in the upper abdomen, and pain or a burning discomfort or gnawing in the upper stomach that worsens or improves after eating. Extreme symptoms of acute gastritis may include chest pain and difficulty inhaling. The 55-year-old male patient examined in this case study, Jorge Rodriguez, complained of shortness of breath. In addition to discussing its clinical manifestations, this case study analyses the pathophysiology of acute gastritis, including risk factors and cultural and age considerations. In addition, it will evaluate the p

Acute Gastritis

Acute gastritis results from gastric mucosa's injury or weakness which allows the acids in the stomach to inflame further and damage the lining. There exist numerous factors that impair gastric mucosa. They include dietary, certain medications, acute stress, and infections factors (Ravisankar et al., 2016). One of the significant acute gastritis causes is the continued usage of NSAIDs, for example, the long-term use of ibuprofen and aspirin. Notably, these medications tend to interfere with gastric mucosa's protective mechanisms, thus resulting in gastric mucus decreased production and increased susceptibility to gastric acids.  Therefore, frequent NSAIDs usage increases an individual's vulnerability to getting acute gastritis.

Additionally, bacterial infection due to Helicobacter pylori, commonly referred to as H. Pylori infection, is another factor causing acute gastritis. It is spirally shaped and colonizes many individuals' stomachs. In its early stages, it does easily display its symptoms and might go unnoticed. Nevertheless, long-lasting H. pylori infection can cause the gastric mucosa persistent inflammation and abnormal stomach structure. In the end, this increases the risks of contracting other problems related to the digestive system, including stomach cancer and stomach ulcers.

Additionally, acute gastritis can result from increased levels of psychological stress, primarily due to severe illnesses, severe burns, trauma, and major surgeries (Saini et al.,2018). Other risks factors that increase one's susceptibility to developing this disease may include increased caffeine and alcohol intake, frequent exposure to smoke from cigarettes. For instance, Jorge Rodriguez smoked cigarettes a lot. The client, in this case, could finish one full pack in a day.

Risk Factors, Cultural and Age Considerations in Acute Gastritis

According to (Feyisa & Woldeamanuel, 2021), although the H. pylori bacterial is considered one of the most common human infections worldwide, only a few individuals who have the infection may develop acute gastritis. Therefore, vulnerability to this bacterium can be inherited or caused by various lifestyle choices, including diet and smoking. Lifestyle factors such as increased alcohol usage also increase the risks of developing acute gastritis. The before mentioned is attributed to alcohol irritating an individual's stomach lining, thus increasing the stomach's vulnerability to some digestive juices. Moreover, psychological issues such as stress from daily life problems increase the risks of developing acute gastritis. 


What's Your Reaction?